AI in cybersecurity: Challenges and opportunities

  • Cybersecurity refers to any technology, measure or practice for preventing cyberattacks or mitigating their impact.
  • AI in cybersecurity will bring us both challenges and opportunities, so it’s vital that we utilise it in a responsible and secure manner.

AI is transforming processes and propelling innovations, but like most technological advancements, it comes with an array of complex challenges, particularly in the domain of cybersecurity.

Key definitions

  • AI is technology that enables computers and machines to simulate human intelligence and problem-solving capabilities, according to IBM.
  • Cybersecurity refers to any technology, measure or practice for preventing cyberattacks or mitigating their impact. It aims to protect individuals’ and organisations’ systems, applications, and financial assets against computer viruses, sophisticated and costly ransomware attacks, and more, according to IBM.

Also read: 5G Network acquires Security Shift to boost cybersecurity services

Challenges of bringing AI in cybersecurity

Security of AI systems

Generative AI enables individuals lacking advanced coding skills to create malware and bot attacks, facilitating the execution of more expansive and intricate cyber assaults. Consequently, there has been a surge in both the volume of threats and the proliferation of attackers. Additionally, threat actors exploit individuals and institutions leveraging AI tools by targeting the underlying data and models.

Dependence on data

Essentially, the accuracy and reliability of AI algorithms hinge on the quality of the data used for training. If the data is flawed, whether due to inaccuracies or biases, the decisions made by AI systems can be compromised. For instance, in a facial recognition system trained primarily on images of a specific demographic, it may struggle to accurately identify individuals from underrepresented groups. Similarly, if a predictive policing algorithm is trained on historical crime data that reflects biased policing practices, it may perpetuate or exacerbate existing inequalities.

Also read: What happens to your information after a data breach?

Opportunities of bringing AI in cybersecurity

Automating threat detection and response

According to John Elliott, a Pluralsight Author and security advisor, the use of AI will enhance our defensive capabilities. This involves utilising AI algorithms for threat detection and incident response. These algorithms can analyse real-time data to recognise patterns indicative of potential threats. By leveraging historical data, they can minimise false alarms, highlight anomalies for further examination, and uncover previously undetected zero-day attacks.

Assessing comprehensive risk

AI technologies have the capability to rapidly sift through vast quantities of data to assess possible weaknesses and evaluate their severity in relation to business operations. This enables security practitioners to focus on addressing the most pressing threats first.

When identified vulnerabilities are highlighted through risk assessments, companies can then take measures to fortify their defences and adopt a more proactive security posture. AI can contribute to this process as well.

The future of AI in cybersecurity

As AI progresses and becomes more ingrained in our everyday experiences, it’s imperative that we adapt our cybersecurity approaches accordingly. While the risks posed by cyber threats are substantial, there are also substantial opportunities.

AI possesses considerable potential as a tool in thwarting cyber threats, but it’s crucial that we utilise it in a responsible and secure manner. Effective collaboration among all parties involved is vital for addressing the hurdles and capitalising on the advantages presented by this emerging digital landscape.


Audrey Huang

Audrey Huang is an intern news reporter at Blue Tech Wave. She is interested in AI and startup stories. Send tips to

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